Staff reporter, Myitmakha News Agency
December 7, Yangon – Myanmar has been ranked second in a list of countries most affected by climate change in the past two decades.
The 2016 Global Climate Risk Index, released last week by the Bonn-based non-governmental organization Germanwatch, ranks Myanmar second after Honduras.
The report takes into account factors such as death tolls and economic losses from extreme weather events including floods, storms, landslides and droughts between 1995 and 2014.
Myanmar’s high ranking was partly due to Cyclone Nargis in 2008, which the report says was “responsible for an estimated loss of 140,000 lives as well as the property of approximately 2.4 million people”.
It was followed by Haiti, the Philippines, Nicaragua, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Pakistan, Thailand and Guatemala.
According to the report, Myanmar suffered 41 extreme weather events during the period covered, with a death toll of 14.75 per 100,000 inhabitants and substantial economic losses.
“Particularly in relative terms poorer, developing countries are hit much harder,” the report said.
“These results emphasise the particular vulnerability of poor countries to climatic risks, despite the fact that the absolute monetary losses are much higher in richer countries. Loss of life and personal hardship is also much more widespread, especially in low-income countries.”